An examination of aristotles notion of human nature

By performing well, sometimes called flourishing in some translations, within our function we are able to receive happiness from it and in order to perform well we must act in accordance with our virtues.

Throughout the second book Aristotle makes a detailed account of how to acquire the virtues in order to become moral [11]since we have already established that he argues morality was a posteriori then it holds that the virtues not to be confused with the Christian concept of virtue.

He vindicates the centrality of virtue in a well-lived life by showing that in the normal course of things a virtuous person will not live a life devoid of friends, honor, wealth, pleasure, and the like. By contrast, the impetuous person does not go through a process of deliberation and does not make a reasoned choice; he simply acts under the influence of a passion.

Because each party benefits the other, it is advantageous to form such friendships. He is vindicating his conception of happiness as virtuous activity by showing how satisfying are the relationships that a virtuous person can normally expect to have.

As in other cases, we must set out the appearances phainomena and run through all the puzzles regarding them. It consists in those lifelong activities that actualize the virtues of the rational part of the soul.

There is no universal rule, for example, about how much food an athlete should eat, and it would be absurd to infer from the fact that 10 lbs. One of his reasons for thinking that such a life is superior to the second-best kind of life—that of a political leader, someone who devotes himself to the exercise of practical rather than theoretical wisdom—is that it requires less external equipment a23—b7.

What Did Aristotle Believe About Human Nature?

For, he says, the person who acts against reason does not have what is thought to be unqualified knowledge; in a way he has knowledge, but in a way does not. The more important question for Aristotle is why one needs to be on the giving end of this relationship.

Like anyone who has developed a skill in performing a complex and difficult activity, the virtuous person takes pleasure in exercising his intellectual skills. Aristotle claims that man chooses to be idle and ignorant they are not part of human nature [18]. It should be noticed that Aristotle's treatment of akrasia is heavily influenced by Plato's tripartite division of the soul in the Republic.

He makes it clear that certain emotions spite, shamelessness, envy and actions adultery, theft, murder are always wrong, regardless of the circumstances a8— When two individuals recognize that the other person is someone of good character, and they spend time with each other, engaged in activities that exercise their virtues, then they form one kind of friendship.

The theory of the mean is open to several objections, but before considering them, we should recognize that in fact there are two distinct theses each of which might be called a doctrine of the mean.

Aristotle's Ethics

Having philosophy as one's ultimate aim does not put an end to the need for developing and exercising practical wisdom and the ethical virtues.

What he must have in mind, when he says that virtue makes the goal right, is that deliberation typically proceeds from a goal that is far more specific than the goal of attaining happiness by acting virtuously. And although in the next sentence he denies that our appetite for pleasure works in this way, he earlier had said that there can be a syllogism that favors pursuing enjoyment: The philosopher will need to determine, in particular situations, where justice lies, how to spend wisely, when to meet or avoid a danger, and so on.

The other group agrees that knowledge results only from demonstration, but believes that nothing stands in the way of demonstration, since they admit circular and reciprocal demonstration as possible.

Only fools tread where the wise fear

The strong form of egoism we have been discussing cannot accept Aristotle's doctrine of the priority of the city to the individual. Rousseau accepted the idea that man was by nature ignorant but at the same time held the view that man had a driving force compelling them to acquire knowledge; a view also held Aristotle.

The strongest support for this thesis seems to me to be her claim that moral virtue guarantees that one will find contemplation pleasant since it makes one value and be appropriately sensitive or attuned to rational pleasures, which is a precondition for engaging in contemplation for its own sake.

Aristotle's Ethics

These are precisely the questions that were asked in antiquity by the Stoics, and they came to the conclusion that such common emotions as anger and fear are always inappropriate. It is unclear what thought is being expressed here, but perhaps Aristotle is merely trying to avoid a possible misunderstanding: He says, not that happiness is virtue, but that it is virtuous activity.

Aristotle explains what he has in mind by comparing akrasia to the condition of other people who might be described as knowing in a way, but not in an unqualified way.

But perhaps Aristotle disagrees, and refuses to accept this argumentative burden. Quick Answer. In Aristotle's ethical work, "Nicomachean Ethics," he describes human nature as having rational and irrational psyches as well as a natural drive for creating society, gaining knowledge, finding happiness and feeling connected with God.

(Note that Aristotle’s notion of synonymy is not the same as the contemporary English usage where it applies to different When stating the general criteria for the final good for human beings, Aristotle invites his readers to review them (EN and neither our nature nor our endowment of human capacities is a matter of choice for us.

Examination of Aristotle’s Philosophical Ideas in Relation to Nigerian Education System 1Umar Mohammed Kani, Examination of Aristotle’s Philosophical Ideas in Relation to Nigerian Education System This Aristotle‟s notion of man‟s using his reason is the basis.

Philosophy exam one. STUDY. PLAY. according to aristotle, humans are by nature. According to modern evolutionary theory, aristotle's notion of telos comes. a view that claims there is something specific and distinct about human nature is.

essentialist view. Aristotle applied the same patient, careful, descriptive approach to his examination of moral philosophy in the Εθικη Νικομαχοι (Nicomachean Ethics).Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life.

Dec 31,  · Aristotle on Human Nature. zoologist and many more things besides Aristotle held a view about human nature that he interwove into his concept of virtue theory, again the notion that man is amoral by nature is repeated but then this notion is extended to provide a reason as to why man is immoral.

An examination of aristotles notion of human nature
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